Nutrition, health, mental health and Care practices
Food security and livelihoods
Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
Places of interventions
On 26th March 2015, Saudi Arabia led an aerial offensive in Yemen named “Decisive Storm” composed of a coalition of Arab countries aiming to weaken the Houthis and to re-establish Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi, exiled in Riyad, as president. Aerial bombings and the various battles between Yemeni militias considerably aggravated the humanitarian situation of this country which was already the poorest on the Arabian Peninsula before the outbreak of hostilities. UN Resolution 2216, adopted in April 2015, concerning the embargo on arms for the Houthis and their allies, resulted in a blockade on the country, which worsened the situation considerably. The almost total stoppage of external supplies is particularly worrying for a country that imports over 90% of its staple foods. In addition to food supplies, fuel shortage is a vital issue as it is mostly used for running hydraulic pumps in a country where access to water is a chronic problem.
According to the United Nations, more than 21.1 million Yemenis are now in need of humanitarian aid – that is, 80% of the population – 13 million of them suffer from food insecurity and 9.4 million have reduced access to water; the UN special envoy for Yemen even raised the alarm by warning that the country was “on the brink of famine”. The level of humanitarian emergency has been raised to its maximum; with only three other countries in the world at this level: Iraq, Syria and South Sudan.
While the situation continues to deteriorate and the population remains hostage to hostilities, the warring parties have not yet reached a compromise for a cease-fire which would enable humanitarian aid to be delivered and distributed across the country.
ACF has been present in Yemen since 2012 and is responding to the current crisis using a multisector emergency approach. Since the beginning of the crisis in 2015, ACF has paid special attention to providing aid for displaced populations. In the nutrition and health sectors, ACF has established medical consultations, therapeutic and preventive treatments, with special focus on children under five years old. Pregnant and nursing women benefit from pre- and post-natal monitoring, including a micronutrient intake. ACF is setting up programmes for financial support and for distribution of food coupons in order to increase household incomes and to provide them with basic essentials when local markets do not function. In water, sanitation and hygiene, ACF teams renovate and construct an increased number of water points and latrines in communities as well as in schools and health centres, where sessions promoting hygiene are organised. In addition, hygiene kits and ceramic water filters are distributed to the most vulnerable families.
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