Type of intervention
- Nutrition & Health
- Food security
- Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Places of interventions
Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world with a Human Development Indicator scoring 183th on 187 in 2011. The food crisis affecting Sahel region in 2011-2012 worsens an already dire situation in Chad with economical destructuration and chronic poverty.
The Chadian population endures a precarious situation with low access to basic services (water, health and education), food insecurity and high mortality and morbidity rates.
In 2010, the food crisis deadly hit Chad, worsened by floods and Cholera epidemic. These past years, political instability and insecurity in the Eastern part of the country caused massive displacements in the region and strongly weakened host population, IDPs and refugee’s capacities to cope with drought and its disastrous impact on harvest and cattle. In 2011, Idriss Deby, President of Chad, declared that food crisis will once again severely hit Chad and the whole Sahel region till 2012.
To tackle under-nutrition, food insecurity and lack of water and sanitation facilities, ACF intervenes on:
- improving nutrition and sanitation by providing technical, operational and financial support to the national health system in order to integrate and adapt its capacities to favor child development,
- contributing to the reduction of vulnerabilities, especially for nomads, IDPs and refugees in the East,
- improving Chadian population’s resilience to shocks and crisis.
UBS, ACF, HCR, WFP, ECHO, OFDA, UNICEF, Suez Fundation, Rhin Meuse Water Agency, AJWS (US private fundation), French Embassy.
Key figures of the country
Number of beneficiairies: 361 757 direct beneficiaires in 2010
Population: 11,5 million of inhabitants
Human Development Indicator: 183/187
Life Expectancy: 49,6 years
PIB/ inhabitant: 610 $USD
Il n'y a pas de résultat
ACF-France started to work in Chad in 1982 implementing programs in nutrition, food security and water and sanitation in Kanem and Guera regions.
Between 2002 and 2004, ACF-France put an end to its activities and handed over to local NGOs. In 2004, ACF-USA set up emergency responses to the massive arrival of Sudanese refugees in North-Eastern Chad driven out of Darfur by Janjaweed attacks.
In 2006, ACF-France resumed food security activities in 6 Sudanese refugee camps and launched surveys of IDP population in the South-East of Chad due to community conflicts and exaction of civilians committed by Janjaweed and their Chadian allies.
In 2007, ACF-France set up activities to help victims of inter-community conflicts in South-East of Chad and became a major humanitarian actor assisting displaced populations in Dogdore.
Since end of 2007, ACF-France continuously surveyed the humanitarian situation in the country and in neighborhood Sahelian countries.
End of 2008, ACF supported nutritional programs in urban environment taking over Save The Children activities in Abeche. The nutritional survey conducted by ACF in Kanem showed alarming acute under-nutrition rates and chronic food insecurity in the area. In response to under-nutrition, ACF developed activities to support health infrastructures and to improve prevention, screening and management of severe acute malnutrition.
End of 2009, this approach is developed in Bahr el Gazal and in November 2010, ACF set up food security programs in Kanem and in Bahr el Gazal to tackle the roots causes of under-nutrition.
En of 2010, the IDP population in Eastern Chad started to return to their home areas. The roots causes of the food crisis are identified, being structural and conjectural (hunger gap, epidemics, drought). ACF responded to the Cholera epidemic by developing programs of treatment and prevention of this deadly disease.
End of 2011, the Chadian government sounded the alarm of the ressurgence of the food crisis in Chad and in the whole Sahelian region.
ACF reinforces prevention and emergency responses to the food crisis but also maximizes its knowledge on vulnerabilities of the local population. ACF bases its analysis on needs and not on status (hosts, refugees or IDPs). Therefore, ACF brings about adapted and long term oriented responses which will lead to effective aid of NGOs but also of local partners (civil society, traditional leaders and technical services).