Type of intervention
- Nutrition, health, mental health and Care practices
- Food security and livelihoods
- Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
Places of interventions
Chad, a land-locked country, one of the largest in Africa, appears among the last 10 countries in the ranking of the UNDP indicator for human development. Even if some areas -such as the Lake Chad basin, oil areas in the South- are vital economic forces, disruption and chronic poverty affect the entire country.
The Chadian population are going through a structural crisis in terms of access to basic services (education, health), the levels of food insecurity and mortality rates (infant mortality <5 years: 20.9%) and morbidity rates.
Moreover, a number of occasional factors regularly turn a structural crisis into a cyclical crisis (conflicts, displacements of populations, epidemics, rainfall deficit, bad harvest). The very high population growth (3.5% per year) that should see the population doubling within 20 years, is an aggravating factor.
Food insecurity hits both the poor people living in rural areas as well as vulnerable urban populations who depend on the level of their purchasing power of foodstuff on markets. The continued deterioration of the epidemic context increases the vulnerability of the Chadian population.
The country finds itself in a volatile regional political and security context that may interfere with an internal political, economic, security and humanitarian situation already fragile.
UBS, ACF, HCR, WFP, ECHO, OFDA, UNICEF, Suez Fundation, Rhin Meuse Water Agency, AJWS (US private fundation), French Embassy.
Key figures of the country
- Number of beneficiairies: 300 808
- Population: 11,5 million of inhabitants
- Human Development Indicator: 183/187
- Life Expectancy: 49,6 years
- PIB/ inhabitant: 610 $USD
Il n'y a pas de résultat
In 2012, ACF reaffirmed its will to place the prevention, identification and treatment of severe acute malnutrition at the core of its intervention. Consequently, ACF strategy for 2012 consisted in:
Improve or strengthen malnutrition treatment at the local and national levels:
- By supporting the healthcare services in the regional districts of Kanem and Bahr el Ghazal (BeG) through training sessions, consultancy support, joint supervision, medical drug supply, contingency stocks in nutrition inputs, rehabilitation of the healthcare centres.
- By strengthening the community-based approach by rallying volunteers to actively detect malnutrition and implement activities that contribute to increase mother/child healthcare practices (training of traditional midwives, focus group discussions, baby massages, etc.).
- By extending its coverage in BeG and Kanem with additional mobile teams and a strategy for mobile clinics to address the pastoral group issue.
Reduce vulnerabilities in terms of food, healthcare and nutrition for rural populations at risk by encouraging multisectoral actions on a medium or long term basis and primarily based on the principle of partnership and capacity-building.
ACF carried on its Care Practices activities in the villages of Kanem and BeG; it also implemented family support activities. On the other hand, to increase food security for vulnerable pastoral and agro-pastoral groups in the Grand Kanem, a support action was implemented in 2012 to establish Grain and Commodity Credit Banks. In the same way, ACF implemented programs to support cattle-breeding by realising cattle vaccination and deworming campaigns before bringing cattle to and from the grazing land in partnership with the local and national authorities This positioning fully falls within the resilience building of Sahelian populations.
Strengthen monitoring and limit the occurrence and the incidence of cholera outbreaks in Chad.
Because of cholera epidemic, 2012 saw the development of a community-based integrated monitoring system in the areas where there exists a high risk of epidemic so as to be able to anticipate and coordinate action at both national and regional levels to provide an early response and medical treatment. Also, a work on capacity-building at regional level in relation to the intervention and the dynamic nature of the epidemic was conducted for further use in the event of a new epidemic.
Increase prevention, preparedness, monitoring and respond in an appropriate way to identified humanitarian crises:
- Implementation of a nutrition monitoring system
- Because of its presence in the field and thanks to an EMMA survey (Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis), conducted early 2012 in order to check grain availability on the markets located in the intervention areas as well as on the neighbouring markets, ACF responded to the food crisis linked to rainfall deficiency registered during 2011 crop year and that hit the country in 2012. In response to this food crisis, ACF targeted the most vulnerable households living in its intervention areas where, in the northern region of Kanem, over 4,377 poor and very poor agro-pastoral households benefited from this aid: three rounds of food distributions as well as conditional and unconditional cash transfers to cover non-food priority needs. Also this action was associated with activities to help cattle feeding (through direct distribution of cattle feed to 3,500 households) in order to maintain the basic livestock during the hunger gap period to avoid the loss of animals.
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