Type of intervention
- Nutrition and health
- Mental health & Care practices
Places of interventions
- New Delhi
- Baran, Rajasthan
- Madhya Pradesh
Two-thirds of children suffering from severe acute malnutrition live in India. According to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) conducted between December 2005 and August 2006, Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) was at 6.4%, and Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) was at 19.8%, which denotes nutritional urgency on a national scale. These numbers are equivalent to 24.1 million children suffering from acute malnutrition in India, including 7.8 million with severe malnutrition.
Despite the impressive economic growth of the past decade, the presence of acute malnutrition in India has not declined and indeed is likely to increase. In 2005-2006, 25 of the 29 states had SAM levels of more than 4%. In general, the groups most at risk of malnutrition are rural families, girls, indexed castes and tribes, and the poor.
There are various causes of child malnutrition in India, but, according to a survey on the causes of malnutrition conducted by ACF in Madhya Pradesh in 2014, the most important factors are the poor nutritional status of pregnant and breastfeeding women (resulting from household food insecurity and gender discrimination within households), caregivers' workloads, lack of prenatal care, lack of primary health centers, poor psycho-social treatment of children, lack of exclusive maternal breastfeeding, inadequate food supplementation, and insufficient access to water. Nearly one-third of Indian children have low birth weight, and infants and young children have iron, iodine, and vitamin A deficiencies.
In India, solutions to child malnutrition come in four very large government programs: Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS), Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS), Mid-Day Meals Program (MMS), and the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). Although these policies have been partially successful in combating food insecurity in India, they have not specifically met the nutritional needs of women, specifically pregnant and breastfeeding women. These programs do not do enough to improve care practices or reduce micronutrient deficiencies in children under three.
Key figures of the country
- Number of beneficiaries: 49 867
- Population: 1,2 billion inhabitants
- Life expectancy: 65,4 years old
- Human Development Index: 136/187
- GDP/inhabitant: 1 176 $US
Sources: PNUD, ONU
Acute malnutrition : an everyday emergency in India – Two case studies by ACF: Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh
India contributes to the maximum number of wasted children in the world. Every year 1 million children under the age of 5 die due to malnutrition related causes in India. These deaths are completely preventable if early action is taken to educate, screen, detect, refer, treat and follow up children found to be either severely or moderately malnourished.
Il n'y a pas de résultat
ACF and the Fight Hunger Foundation, our implementing partner in India, are currently working in four of the country's regions: New Delhi, Baran (Rajasthan), Burhanpur (Madhya Pradesh), and Mumbai. In addition, ACF has worked in three other states in the last three years, in response to natural disasters (Assam and Uttarakhand) or to conduct nutritional studies (Orissa). In 2014, ACF prepared the launch of the Generation Nutrition campaign, conducting consultations with a broad coalition of local and international actors from civil society (Wateraid, MSF, etc.), which led to the adoption of a joint action plan for the campaign and a joint charter of demands. Official launch took place in January 2015, whereupon the Minister for Rural Development submitted the Generation Nutrition charter of demands to the Indian Prime Minister.
In 2015, the Indian project will be expanded to at least eight other districts in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Maharashtra for the rollout of Community Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM).
Furthermore, nutritional assessments will be carried out in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka and Jharkhand Districts, and "emergency nutrition" actions will be proposed in the districts of states subject to natural disasters and also affected by a high incidence of SAM such as Bihar, Orissa, and West Bengal.
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