Type of intervention
- Nutrition, health, mental health and Care practices
- Food security and livelihoods
- Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
- Disaster and climate change risk management
Places of interventions
- Borena (Oromiya Region)
- Sidama (SNNPR Region)
- Korahe (Somali Region)
- Liben zone / Dollo Ado (Somali Region)
- Wag Himra (Amhara Region)
- Gambella (Gambella Region)
The Ethiopian economy is booming, in particular the industry and services sectors, where investments have enabled millions of people to improve their living conditions. However, 30% of the country’s 90 million inhabitants still live below the poverty line.
The economy remains highly dependent on climatic conditions and is thus fragile.
Since early 2015, Ethiopia is one of the countries most affected by the climatic phenomenon El-Nino, which has had an enormous impact on food and nutritional security. Ethiopia has already experienced two previous encounters with El-Nino (1997-1998 and 2002-2003) but today is facing the worst drought for the last 30 years.
Around 10 million people could not produce enough food to live They are in a situation of food insecurity and are receiving food assistance. In addition, the lack of water increases the risk of water-related and hygiene-related diseases. Confronted with drought, households need to adapt. They have to borrow money to live, while the variety of their meals decreases, their diet being largely made up of cereals. Humanitarian organizations and the government distribute seed to help the farmers and to ensure that the next harvest will be sufficient to improve the food situation of drought-affected populations. Until the next harvest, the nutritional situation remains precarious and could aggravate if food aid is not regular.
Ethiopia is also hosting hundreds of thousands refugees mostly from Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Eritrea. While donors’ attention is on the response to the historical drought affecting the country, humanitarian aid for refugees has to continue. Food aid for refugees is cause for concern.
ACF has been in Ethiopia for 30 years and has scaled up its interventions in the areas most affected by the drought starting from the summer of 2015: construction of water points, promotion of hygiene and non-food kits, fodder distribution for cattle, supplementary feeding programs, etc. The organization has also opened new bases in the Oromo region (East and West Hararge and Arsi area).
Key figures of the country
- Number of beneficiaries: 148.545
- Population: 85 million inhabitants
- Life expectancy: 56.1 years
- Human Development Index: 157/169
GDP per Capita : 344$ US
Sources : WHO, World Bank, UNDP
Il n'y a pas de résultat
- Response to emergencies
Emergency response in the Gambella region of Ethiopia to assist South Sudanese refugees
ACF assists the South Sudanese refugees in the Gambella region of Ethiopia. Assistance has started as early as February 2014. ACF provides emergency nutrition assistance, supplementary food rations and baby friendly spaces for under 5 children and pregnant and lactating women in the Lietchor refugee camp as well as in the two main entry points where refugees arrive in Ethiopia in Pagak and in Burbey.
ACF also implements a sanitation project in Lietchor camp (latrines, hygiene promotion and solid waste management) to improve the hygienic conditions in the camp.
Assistance to Somali refugees in Dollo Ado
Since February 2012, ACF assists the Somali refugees in the camp of Hiloweyn in Dollo Ado. ACF is in charge of detecting and treating moderate and severe acute malnutrition. ACF also implements activities concerning the prevention of acute malnutrition by providing nutrition and psychosocial support to pregnant and lactating women together with food distribution targeting children under 2 and pregnant and lactating women (PLW)
ACF also carries out a Fresh Food Voucher project to assist PLWs get a more diversified diet. The fresh food vouchers allow refugees to buy vegetables that are cultivated on irrigated farms supported earlier on by ACF.
- Fighting under-nutrition through treatment and prevention intervention
ACF supports the OTP roll-out: ACF will support government efforts to improve and expand coverage of CMAM activities, in line with national protocols and strategies. The focus will be on mentoring and on-the-job support for health extension workers and other woreda level nutrition staff. This support to health structures to treat severe acute malnutrition takes place in Wag Himra (Amhara region) and will soon take place in the Gambella region in Jinkawa woreda.
ACF also supports the GoE efforts to fight moderate malnutrition through the TSFP project (Therapeutic Supplementary Feeding Program).
ACF is currently moving towards a Health System Strengthening approach. ACF is currently conducting the diagnosis of the health system in Sidama zone and will soon undertake a similar diagnosis in Wag Himra to avoid a silo approach to nutrition and rather assist the health posts in managing the main diseases they are facing. This HSS approach is being developed in Sidama (SNNPR) and in Wag Himra (Amhara region)
- Preventing acute malnutrition
ACF has a multi sectorial approach to contribute to the prevention of malnutrition, linking care practices, food security and WASH.
Care Practices: Recognizing that improved care practices is an essential, and cost-effective, method for preventing under-nutrition, ACF interventions place greater importance on this aspect and will mainstream the care practice approach in all its projects in Wag Himra (Amhara), in Borena (Oromya) in Sidama (SSNPR) and in Korahe (Somali)
Food security and livelihoods: Improve productivity and sustainability of existing livelihoods of vulnerable household is the main focus of ACF preventative intervention in food security. A focus on improving the productivity of small farmers and pastoralist/agro-pastoralists is a basic tool to ensure food availability at household level. Therefore, ACF enhances access to appropriate technologies to intensify local production system and promote actions to be taken to arrest degradation of natural resources at grass root level. ACF focus on knowledge transfer with the objective of improving technical skills and agricultural input utilization locally available. The structural limitations of the livelihoods where we intervene cannot be overlooked and are specially affecting the vulnerable population. High population density, small landholding size in SNNPR, poor soil fertility in Wag Himra, overall climate change are calling for diversification of livelihoods. Food security interventions are implemented in Wag Himra (Amhara), in Borena (Oromya), in Sidama (SNNPR) and in Korahe (Somali)
WASH: ACF provides a complete package of safe water, sanitation and hygiene promotion to the most vulnerable populations in the operational areas.
In rural areas, ACF targets remote area with high vulnerability with limited or no access to safe water and sanitation facilities and high AWD prevalence. ACF provides a complete package of safe water, sanitation and hygiene promotion and focus on access and sustainability of water points.ACF also looks into the links between WASH interventions and the social dynamics, particularly the impact on care practices in the community. WaSH activities are ongoing in Wag Himra (Amahra), Borena (Oromya), Sidama (SNNPR) and should resume soon in Korahe (Somali).
- Disaster Risk Management
Disaster risk reduction is mainstreamed in ACF programs.
ACF involves the DRM committees in the identification of major risks and in the design of activities. ACF aims at building the capacities of GoE at all levels to improve surveillance and DRR concepts understanding.
The interventions generally focus on: rangeland management, sustainable animal health structures, restocking with drought resistant breeds (need for a shoats, camels and cows careful sustainability evaluation), milk/meat value chain study and support, pastoralist field school to develop and share best or innovative practices. In agro-pastoralist area, a specific focus is put on increasing productivity with improved/adapted crops and inputs, storage and irrigation practices. DRM activities are being implemented in Wag Himra (Amhara), in Borena (Oromya) and in Korahe (Somali).
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