Type of intervention
- Nutrition, health, mental health and Care practices
- Food security and livelihoods
- Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
- Disaster and climate change risk management
Places of interventions
- Diapaga (Tapoa province)
- Bogande (Gnagna province)
Malnutrition, considered as the primary risk factor for children under 5, is responsible for the death of more than 40,000 children each year in Burkina Faso and exceeds the admitted alert thresholds. The country experiences strong population growth (14 million inhabitants in 2006, plus another 30 million expected in 20 years) that the economic growth has difficulties to cope with; despite the efforts made by national policies, the access to safe drinking water, sanitation, education and healthcare remains limited. The low literacy rates of women and the school enrolment rates of children partly explain that the attitudes of the population still rely on traditional knowledge, being the root for care practices that are often harmful to the health and the nutritional status of children.
Frequent climate crises, droughts or floods are shocks that greatly impact vulnerable households that are no longer able to safeguard their livelihoods and quickly fall below the survival threshold. Burkina Faso, a landlocked Sahelian country, is strongly depending on its imports (especially for energy products) and is particularly fragile as a result of global economic imbalances. The rise in prices increases food insecurity of households and catalyse their underlying social discontent. Furthermore political crises that affect West Africa must be carefully observed. If the Ivorian crisis had little impact on Burkina Faso, the collapse of neighbouring Mali represents a risk of destabilising the sub-region and more particularly Burkina Faso.
ECHO, EUROPAID, OFDA, DFID, private foundations, French local authorities, SIFA, FAO, AFD
Key figures of the country
- Number of beneficiaries: 82 074
- Population: 17 million inhabitants
- Life expectancy: 55,4 years old
- Human Development Index: 181/187
- GDP/inhabitant: 517$US
Sources: PNUD, ONU
Il n'y a pas de résultat
In 2012, in Burkina Faso Action contre la Faim continued carrying out its operations in the East region, especially in the provinces of Tapoa, Gnagna and Kompienga, while committing itself at the national level through advocacy and coordination activities. 2012 was marked by a food crisis that mobilised the mission a lot. ACF increased its nutrition programs and provided support to the most vulnerable households in the Eastern Region ensuring that these emergency actions contributed to improve the resilience of vulnerable populations in the medium term: completion of land development to improve the capacity of rainfed production (CES-DRS), preparation of lowlands and facilitating the access of vulnerable households to land, distribution of locally produced enriched flour. These operations were carried out thanks to close cooperation with the State technical services and the actors for the development (GRET). ACF conducted an emergency assessment in July 2012 about the issue related to refugees from Mali and the situation is closely monitored by the mission.
ACF developed an emergency preparedness and nutrition response plan (PPRUN) to quickly intervene in case of the occurrence of a nutrition crisis and increased its support to the health districts (Diapaga, Manni, Bogande, Kompienga) for the management of acute malnutrition (training, consultancy assistance, joint supervision). ACF extended its nutrition interventions to the health District of Fada N’Gourma by providing support to 16 medical areas in this district. The community approach with the gathering of community volunteers to actively identify malnutrition and also raise awareness on good practices about food among the populations was increased during 2011. At institutional level, ACF increased its operations to support the national health sector (by participating to the consolidation of national policies and strategies in favour of the enhancement of the management of malnutrition and by providing regional support to health facilities, etc.). ACF is a key actor in the field of nutrition in Burkina Faso: it is a member of the Presidium of the Taskforce of Technical and Financial Partners (TFP) for Nutritional Security and the Nutrition co-lead of the Humanitarian Country Team.
In food security:
Through its presence in the field and its monitoring programs (Listening Post), ACF responded very quickly to the food crisis that hit the country in 2012. ACF adjusted its ongoing programs and developed mitigation programmes (in Tapoa and Gnagna), then food crisis response programs (in Tapoa, Gnagna and Kompienga); all in all in the east region, over 10,000 poor or very poor households (i.e. over 70,000 people) identified thanks to the HEA (Household Economy Approach) criteria received support in the form of cash transfer programs to increase their access to food, technical support and aid received in the form of inputs to help them building their production capacities: development of farmland (stone barriers, zaï pit, half-moon, lowlands). Besides 5,000 infants aged 6-24 months from poor or very poor households were given high quality fortified flour for infants produced locally7 to prevent malnutrition
Water Sanitation and Hygiene:
ACF continued its Water Facility project which in Tapoa contributed to the construction and rehabilitation of boreholes, the building of improved family latrines and the support to municipalities in order to increase their contribution to the implementation of the National Drinking Water and Sanitation Access Plan. This program targets 60,000 people who will benefit from sustainable access to safe drinking water supply infrastructures to improve their hygiene practices. ACF also works on the improvement of the access to safe drinking water, to hygiene and to sanitation in public services such as health centres through "Wash In Nut" activities and in schools too.
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