Type of intervention
- Nutrition, health, mental health and Care practices
- Food security and livelihoods
Places of interventions
Zimbabwe has continued with its recovery policy since the establishment of the Government of National Unity, and probably even more so since adopting a multi-currency system in 2009. Despite low rainfall and poor food production in 2011-2012, the general trend is positive with significant progress in terms of care, food production systems, trade relations, and the competency of local authorities and ministers. The country is beginning to be strongly development-oriented, which encourages backers to invest in development projects and NGOs specialising in emergency interventions to leave the country.
A decrease was noted in the proportion of households in a position of food insecurity compared with 2013. In addition, while the prevalence of fever (34%), diarrhoea (18%), coughing (47%) and severe acute malnutrition (0.7%) in children under five years old was almost the same in May 2014 as in May the previous year, the prevalence of acute malnutrition in children went from 2.6% in May the previous year to 1.8% in May 2014.
At the beginning of February, constant rain in Masvingo province caused a rapid rise in water level in a dam under construction and resulted in flooding. A relocation plan for communities in the area was already in place and had already been activated but thousands of families affected by the flooding had to leave their homes more hurriedly than planned. Most of the families did not receive adequate compensation or land for resettlement, and were obliged to move out. When the displaced people protested in August, more than 200 riot police used excessive force, beating and arresting around 300 people.
Key figures of the country
- Nombre de bénéficiaires : 146 733
- Population : 12 millions d’habitants
- Life Expectancy: 51,4 ans
- Human Development Index : 173/187
- PIB/inhabitant : 595 US$
Sources : OMS, Banque mondiale, PNUD
Il n'y a pas de résultat
During flooding in Masvingo province in February, ACF responded to the emergency in support of the government response by ensuring access to drinking water and sanitation facilities at resettlement sites for displaced people.
In addition to this emergency and the completion of current multi-year projects, ACF in 2014 continued with its mission closure strategy. The decision to close the ACF mission in Zimbabwe had been taken in March 2012 and was based on the report that levels of moderate and acute malnutrition in Zimbabwe did not meet the criteria required by ACF International in order to work in a country. The national economy was also on the way to recovery.
It was also considered unlikely that a major natural disaster would affect Zimbabwe, and that, although politically unstable, the country was not likely to engage in armed conflict. Furthermore, operational feasibility is more and more limited because of the reduction in humanitarian funding and the difficult operational environment. Consequently, a strategy for exit/closure in three years has been worked out with the aim of closing operations in February 2015.
A real-time evaluation of mission closure has been carried out to evaluate the relevance and quality of this exit strategy and to identify good practices which will be used for future closures of other missions.
As part of this, the objectives of each sector were as follows :
- Nutrition : Maintain and increase the impact on nutrition through integrated policies and approaches adopted and established by national players (partners, Ministry of Health, local NGOs, funders).
- WASH : Consolidate and reinforce capacities of communities in managing and maintaining WASH systems.
- FSL : Promote and reinforce capacities of national organisations to make the link between food security and nutrition.
- Emergency : Build the capacity for emergency response in the communities and government in Zimbabwe for WASH sectors.
A research project supervised by an ACF representative will be undertaken in 2017 in partnership with the University of Zimbabwe. This project aims to decrease aflatoxin contamination in maize grain and reduce exposure for the most vulnerable people.
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