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Mr. Edouard Philippe,
Mr. Prime Minister,
The Saudi cargo ship Bahri Yanbu is due to arrive in Cherbourg on Thursday 6 February, as part of a
European tour that will see it calling at Sheerness (UK) and Genoa (Italy) before leaving for Egypt and Saudi Arabia, according to the shipowner. As the Bahri Yanbu is known to be transporting arms
exclusively for the Saudi Ministry of Defence, which is engaged in a military intervention tainted by
allegations of war crimes in Yemen, we, representatives of 17 humanitarian and human rights NGOs,
express our deepest concerns about the fact that this cargo ship is stopping in France.
We urge you to inform us of the nature of the material to be loaded onto the Bahri Yanbu in
Cherbourg and, in the event that it is armament, to inform us of the guarantees given to France that
they will not be used unlawfully against Yemeni civilians.
In accordance with the Arms Trade Treaty that it has ratified, France is obligated to prohibit arms
exports when there is a risk that they will be used to commit war crimes and other serious violations
of international humanitarian law. However, despite the systematic violations by the coalition led by
Saudi Arabia and the UAE in Yemen and the risk that French arms could contribute to them, France
continues to transfer arms to these two countries. Whether it be air attacks against civilian targets
(hospitals, schools, school buses, weddings, funerals, etc.) or the air and sea blockade that suffocates civilian populations, these violations – and those committed by all parties to the conflict – have been widely documented by the United Nations and by our organizations.
France continues to proclaim its commitment to international humanitarian law and multilateralism,
reaffirmed again last month by the Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, Jean-Yves Le Drian. But
by continuing to transfer arms to systematically abusive forces, the French government is
contradicting its own commitment and violating its international obligations, as pointed out by the
UN experts on Yemen.
Last year, the Bahri Yanbu had already come to load arms all over Europe. Faced with the
mobilization of civil society and trade unions, it had had to give up calling at the port of Le Havre.
The secrecy surrounding its arrival in Cherbourg, scheduled for tomorrow, illustrates once again the
opacity surrounding arms exports by France.
Since 2016, 12 European countries, including Belgium, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom, have
announced measures to suspend or limit arms sales to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates
because of serious violations by the Saudi Arabia-UAE-led coalition in Yemen. This is not the case of
France, which merely assures that the government mechanism for authorizing arms transfers has
been strengthened, without indicating what the strengthened controls consist of or how they ensure
that French arms will not be used to commit violations against civilians in Yemen.
7 out of 10 French people want France to suspend its arms sales to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab
Emirates for their role in the war in Yemen, according to a YouGov poll conducted in March 2019.
And more than 250,000 people have signed petitions calling for an end to French arms sales to Saudi
Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, which some of our organizations handed over to government
officials last November.
In this context:
We are at your disposal to organize a meeting in the coming days.
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