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Over these last few months, life is starting to return to normal in Mosul and previously held regions, such as Sinjar; however, the crisis is still paramount. The idea that all of the displaced will return is practically impossible. In the short-term, from now until the end of 2018, only 30% of those remaining in displacement consider returning home for a multitude of reasons –destroyed houses, few employment possibilities, insecurity in their areas of origin, lack of basic services and a loss of savings.
In parallel, the resources, services, and infrastructure in those areas, like Iraqi Kurdistan, which provided shelter to the majority of the displaced, are under a great deal of pressure. The semi-autonomous region of Kurdistan is currently accommodating nearly half a million people and is itself facing an economic and financial crisis that is affecting both the local population as well as the displaced Iraqis and Syrian refugees taken in. Once one of the most stable areas in the country, the conflict with ISIS, the drop in oil revenue, and the decrease in budget provided by the Iraqi Government to the region – including to pay the salaries of civil servants – has meant that the situation in Iraqi Kurdistan is now much more precarious.As a result, the poverty rate has doubled in 3 years and the salaries of the civil servants are no longer completely assured, which prevents the functioning of the public services.