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In northeastern Nigeria, the surge of attacks by non-state armed groups since mid-December have led to massive displacements of civilian populations within the country but also in Chad and Cameroon.
The Baga military bases’ attack in December, followed by raids on Monguno led to the evacuation of humanitarians during few days, threatening the assistance to the vulnerable persons and displacing more individuals. This week, the attack on Rann caused nearly 30,000 people to flee. In total, in the Lake Chad region, almost 2.5 million people are displaced.
We are working in Nigeria, Cameroon and Chad to meet the urgent needs of these new arrivals who join the number of people already affected by the conflict and depend upon humanitarian aid for survival.
Even if the situation raises less interest among the international community, these recent developments show that it is far from resolving.
"Civilians are paying the prices of the violence’s. Their protection must stand as the key priority for all parties in the conflict,"
“Urgent humanitarian assistance should be provided to the newly displaced while humanitarian assistance and recovery assistance should continue to be provided to internally displaced people and to the host communities affected by the crisis. In 2019, 3,6 million¹ people are food insecure in the Lake Chad Basin.”
Since the attack in Kukawa and Baga, we have responded to the needs of the new internally displaced people (IDP) in Monguno local government area and Maiduguri Metropolitan Council (MMC) where most of the newly displaced arrived.
In Maiduguri area, we worked on ensuring that our ongoing programmes cover the health and nutrition needs of the new arrivals in the IDP camps where we had health and nutrition programmes. In addition, we focused on expanding our water, sanitation and hygiene interventions to meet the needs of new arrivals.
“Some actors completely withdraw from Monguno at the time of the attacks for security reasons, explains Shashwat Saraf, we kept some essential staff on the ground and then had a full team in a matter of a couple of days to support the new IDPs”
Since the new violence:
As of 25 January, 7505 people who had crossed the lake to Chad had been relocated to the Dar Es Salaam camp, which already hosts 11,300 Nigerian refugees since 2014.
To prevent diseases, especially diarrhea that lead to malnutrition, we distribute hygiene and sanitation kits. In parallel, we conduct hygiene awareness and open defecation prevention sessions.
This week 30 000 Nigerians, mainly women, children and elderly arrived in Cameroun. They settled 700 m away from Goura in makeshift shelters.
Since January 28, we deploy two mobile clinics to screen and treat children for malnutrition and provide primary health care both to children and to pregnant and lactating women.
Our teams include nurses, midwifes, health promoters and community volunteers to perform malaria tests, blood glucose tests, hemoglobin tests and urine tests. We administrate basic drugs to treat under 5 years’ old children for malnutrition, malaria, diarrhea and ARI (Acute Respiratory Infection) and to perform antenatal care/skilled deliveries for pregnant women and postnatal care for new born & lactating women. In parallel, we deliver keys health and nutrition message promotion.
ACF is working in coordination with other actors to ensure coverage of health problems of these refugees.
Action Against Hunger response is supported by USAID, SIDA, ECHO, GAC, EU, OFDA, WFP in Nigeria, UNICEF in Chad and GAC in Cameroon.
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