Type of intervention
- Nutrition, health, mental health and Care practices
- Food security and livelihoods
- Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
Places of interventions
- Kayah State
- North Rakhine State
- Sittwe region
- Chin State
Since the legislative by-elections of 2012, the political landscape in Myanmar has changed drastically. Whereas the by-election of 2010 led to a civilian government, an opposition force to the Parliament now exists. The reform process accelerated thanks to the impetus given by President Thein Sein (through the release of political prisoners, among others Aung San Suu Kyi, peace talks with armed groups, the relaxing of censorship, the opening of the country to foreign investments, etc.).
In spite of positive changes, the ethnic minorities are still suffering from abuse and oppression from the Burmese government. In Rakhine State, the level of vulnerability remains high, particularly in the north where most of the population (the Rohingya ethnic minority) is faced with high rates of acute malnutrition (20% of the children under 5). The intercommunal tensions between Buddhists and Muslims that broke out in June 2012 resulted in dozens of victims, led to massive displacement of populations (estimated at 115,000 people), the destruction of thousands of homes, the loss of the households' means of production (who were already vulnerable), agricultural delays, limited access to markets, consequences on the psychosocial status of families, etc. Further to these events, humanitarian aid had to be interrupted for several months, which created a most unstable and worrying situation than ever.
The bordering states (Kachin and the north of Shan) were also impacted by the fights between governmental troops and armed groups. Violence intensified in those areas which resulted in thousands of internal displacements and the arrival of refugees in camps in Thailand.
On the other hand, despite the government's efforts to boost the economy, the development conditions remain weak and regional inequalities high. Poor populations live mostly in rural areas and are subjected to widespread food insecurity and chronic malnutrition. These populations are also highly vulnerable to external shocks (floods, droughts, cyclones, landslides, earthquakes, etc.).
ECHO, Europe Aid, UNHCR, SDC, DANIDA, UNOPS, ACF's private donators, CDC, Cartier, UNICEF, WFP, DFID
Key figures of the country
- Number of beneficiaries: 94 497
- Population: 48,3 million inhabitant
- Life expectancy: 65,2 years old
- Human Index Development: 149/187
- GDP/inhabitant: 380 US$
Sources: UNDP, UN
|Paru le||Langue||Intitulé du poste||Pays||Filière métier||Type de contrat||Durée en mois||Pourvoir le|
|23/10/2013||English||A FOOD SECURITY AND LIVELIHOODS PROGRAM MANAGER||Birmanie||Sécurité Alimentaire et Moyens d'Existence||VSI||9 mois||30/09/2013|
End of 2011 an integrated assessment was conducted by ACF in Chin State which led to the implementation of a food distribution program as from March 2012 which was followed by more permanent activities to prevent chronic malnutrition.
End of 2012, a pilot project was launched in Kayah State with the aim of increasing the impact of FSL (Food Security and Livelihoods) activities on the nutritional status of beneficiaries.
In October 2012 in Sittwe in Rakhine State, ACF began an emergency program through the implementation of nutrition and FSL activities. This programme should continue until 2014.
In the north of Rakhine State (Maungdaw and Buthidaung), little by little ACF redeployed its activities in rural areas after resuming its nutrition and care practices activities at the end of 2012. The WASH (water sanitation and hygiene) and FSL activities are planned to be resumed too. However, given the changing context, a new analysis of potential interventions and the type of activities appears to be essential.
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