Type of intervention
- Nutrition, health, mental health and Care practices
- Food security and livelihoods
- Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
Places of interventions
- Betioky District, Atsimo Andrefana Region
Madagascar sank in a major political crisis since the riots that shook it at the beginning of 2009 and that resulted in the leaving of President Marc Ravalomanana. The transfer of power by a military directorate to Andry Rajoelina -who now is President of the High Transitional Authority-, was condemned by the international community. Presidential elections should take place in May 2013, but the ways out of the crisis are still fragile and uncertain.
Financial sanctions only partially offset by an increase in humanitarian aid, weak governance, reduced public investments and the slowdown of the economy; as a result, one could observe the worsening of social indicators and growing inequality. Between 2005 and 2010, the proportion of Malagasy people living below the poverty line went up from 69% to 77%. Over 50% of children are suffering from chronic malnutrition, of which 26% from its severe form; the average access rate to safe drinking water is at 42.6%; 70% of the whole population are suffering from severe or moderate food insecurity (85% are living in dry or drought-prone areas).
Madagascar ranks 13th out of the 15 countries in the world having the highest risk of disasters and the fifth most vulnerable country to climate change with a risk index established as "extreme". There is also a strong environmental degradation and growing and uncontrolled urbanization.
Yet the country has important assets: 10% of world biodiversity (with renewed interest in research and tourism), mineral and oil deposits, farming potential, labour, etc.
ACF, EuropeAid, Agence de l'Eau Loire Bretagne, La Rochelle, Région Midi-Pyrénées, Urgo
Key figures of the country
- Number of beneficiaries: 88
- Population: 20,7 million (2010)
- Life Expectancy: 66 years old (2011)
- Human Development Index: 151/187 (2011)
- PIB/inhabitant: 824 $USD (2011)
Il n'y a pas de résultat
ACF Madagascar mission officially opened in April 2012. Given the many causes for malnutrition and the aggravating factors observed, ACF strategy included the deployment of its interventions to act simultaneously on the various causes for malnutrition by building capacity, self-sufficiency at community and family levels and their resilience by focusing on the support for changes in behaviours and practices. The objective is to maximize the impact and the sustainability of the actions implemented.
- Thus, ACF worked in the district of Betioky on a pluri-annual project that has 3 target areas:
- Building capacity of the households to produce or gather food resources to secure a balanced diet;
- Improving sustainable access to and management of safe drinking water and water for vegetable gardens;
- Strengthening positive care practices and supporting the changes in practices when necessary.
In Antananarivo, following a preliminary analysis of the needs, within its multi-year strategy ACF included the development of a multisectoral program with the highly vulnerable populations living in the poorest districts of the capital. A family support project in towns to prevent under-nutrition is currently implemented in a Centre d’Appui Social, d’Accompagnement familial et Nutritionnel (CASAN). This project includes activities in nutrition and mental health/ care practices and activities aiming to build capacities of populations to meet their basic needs (trainings, support to income-generating activities).
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