Type of intervention
- Nutrition, health, mental health and Care practices
- Food security and livelihoods
- Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
Places of interventions
- El Barde
The political situation in Somalia considerably evolved in the second half of 2012: the never-ending shifts in government since 2006 gave way to greater stability. A new constitution was adopted in August 2012, and a president was elected in September. These developments weigh in favour of humanitarian access, but the government will need time to affirm its legitimacy and regain control of the country. Access difficulties remain the principal challenge to ACF. Until mid-2012, the coordinating team based in Nairobi had no access to the intervention zones and could only manage activities from a distance. ACF took advantage of the improved security to make fresh visits in the field, thus contributing to more effective monitoring. These field visits were more frequent in 2013, generating more scope for developing programmes.
With only 29% of the total population having access to a drinkable water source and 23% having access to quality sanitary installations in 2012, the situation in Somalia remains critical, and the country is a long way from achieving the Development Millennium goals by 2015.
In September 2013, according to the UN Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit for Somalia (FSNAU), 2.3 million people, one-third of the country's population, were in a state of acute food insecurity. Estimates state that one child in six below the age of five suffers from acute malnutrition. Nutritional surveys conducted last July indicate that over 206,000 children below the age of five suffer from acute malnutrition – slightly lower than in 2012. The highest rates of GAM were recorded in the southern pastoral dwelling zones, in the Bakool region, where ACF provides assistance (27.4%). Southern Somalia registers 68% of cases of Global Acute Malnutrition and 78% of SAM cases whereas it represents only 56% of the Somalian population. This region thus remains at the centre of the humanitarian crisis, largely due to the long-term effects of drought and famine, and the short-term effects of this year's scant rainfall.
 WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation, updated in March 2012.
- Direction Générale de l'Aide humanitaire et de la Protection civile de la Commission européenne (ECHO)
Key figures of the country
- Number of beneficiaries: 452 424
- Population : 9 300 000
- Life Expectancy: 50,4
Sources : OMS, PNUD
ACF has been implementing lifesaving projects in Mogadishu for the past 20 years. Nutrition has been at the core of operations targeting Undernourished children and moderately undernourished PLW. From the year 2011 to 2013, the activities have been possible through the support received from DFID. The program adapted both curative and adaptive approach to tacking under nutrition. A total of 18340 SAM children were treated in the program. Other activities that the program undertook included, capacity building of mother attending training sessions, counseling of mothers, linking of mothers to MCH ,health educations and hygiene promotion.
Il n'y a pas de résultat
- Continuing the detection and treatment of severe acute malnutrition, and the provision of access to medical care and primary health care for children below the age of 5, pregnant women and lactating mothers.
In 2013, ACF continued its activities in Mogadishu at 4 outpatient treatment centres and 2 stabilisation centres. Pregnant women, lactating mothers and children below the age of 5, screened monthly, had access to an individual health check, and to treatment for common infections during pregnancy and after childbirth. The programme also offers immunisation against measles, tuberculosis, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough and poliomyelitis, as well as Vitamin A supplementation and parasite disinfestation.
- Improving access to water and sanitation, and promoting hygiene:
In 2013, ACF handed over the weekly chlorination activities (at 526 wells) to a local organisation. The activities of well rehabilitation, construction of public latrines and distribution of hygiene kits were also continued, as were hygiene promotion sessions reaching out to 186,000 people.
- Emergency preparedness and response at Mogadishu:
The rapid-response team recruited and trained by the mission provided assistance on several dozen occasions throughout the year, particularly to respond to further population shifts towards the towns. The team was also deployed to respond to the cyclone in Puntland (see below). Multisectoral assessments were conducted to identify priority needs and the scope of action. Contingency stocks were also pre-positioned.
- Opening of two new bases at El Berde and in Puntland:
At the start of 2013, ACF started new activities at El Berde, on the Ethiopian border, taking charge of a nutritional stabilisation centre and implementing projects for water, sanitation, food security and livelihood. In December 2013, ACF opened a third base at Eyl, in Puntland. The teams were thus able to assist 1,500 people affected by the cyclone which struck Puntland last November. The resilience activities conducted in concert with the SomRep consortium also went ahead in early 2013.
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