Type of intervention
- Nutrition and health
- Mental health and Care practices
- Water, sanitation and hygiene
- Food security and livelihoods
Places of interventions
- Kathmandu (capital)
Since the beginning of the conflict between the government and the communist party in 1996, Nepal has been facing political instability. Although peace has been regained, the political situation remains in trouble: following several attempts to adopt a new constitution - successfully in September 2015 - political division has grown. A political and economic crisis threatened the pacification process started in 2006.
The country is also facing environmental risks, like several floods and droughts in the recent years. Located in an intense earthquake area, Nepal suffered the deadliest earthquake of its recent history on April 2015.
On April 25th, 2015, Nepal was stroke by a 7.6 earthquake, which epicenter was located 76km northwest from its capital city Kathmandu. Hundreds of aftershocks followed, with a total of about 9000 deaths, 23 300 injured, more than 600 000 houses destructed and about 285 255 damaged.
Right after the earthquake, about 2.8 million people were in need of an emergency humanitarian help, including temporary shelters, food, access to health facilities, water and hygiene supplies. To deal with this situation, the Nepalese government called for international aid. ACF mobilized its team and set up a multi-sectoral emergency response in 7 of the 14 districts touched by the earthquake: Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, Nuwakot, Rasuwa, Makwanpur and Ramechhap. The local team conducted the interventions from two bases: from Kathmandu for the capital area, the districts of Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, and Makwanpur, and from Bidur for the districts of Nuwakot and Rasuwa.
The year 2015 was dedicated to the response on basic needs of people and communities affected by the earthquake, and to ensure the management and prevention of undernutrition of the most exposed population after the disaster.
ACF focused on the most vulnerable and least resilient households: as the immediate needs were identified, the program has provided access to shelters, food, drinking water and hygiene facilities. An emergency psychological support program has also been provided, towards pregnant or lactating women, children under 2 years old, in order to support the child care practice and reduce the risk of deterioration of their nutritional status.
In 2016, one year after the disaster, the harvest will be scarce while food insecurity remains a serious threat that mobilizes ACF: programs focus on the recovery of livelihoods, housing rehabilitation, access to water, health and mental health care practices for children under 5 years old.
In partnership with 7 national organizations, and focusing on empowering local capacity, ACF conducts a multi-sectoral and coordinated humanitarian response.
In Nepal since 2005
The first intervention of ACf in Nepal began in 2005, during the Civil War (1996-2006), and had the main objective to help people affected by the conflict and located in remote areas.
Following evaluations revealing alarming rates of malnutrition in the country, nutrition interventions have gradually been introduced in the ACF interventions. Since 2012, the strengthening of the Multisectoral Plan for Nutrition adopted by the government has been at the heart of the ACF mandate in Nepal, which became a technical and operational actor of reference for prevention and treatment of acute malnutrition. ACF has enhanced its advocacy campaign via Generation Nutrition, which mobilized more than 40 national and international organizations for the eradication of malnutrition.
From 2014, ACF has also developed important partnerships with other international NGOs and is now part of a multi-partner consortium for the implementation of a multi-year project in several districts of the country. This action aims to support the resilience of vulnerable populations through the diversification and the strengthening of livelihoods, the improvement of nutritional status and health of pregnant and lactating women and children under 5 years and helping families and communities to mitigate, adapt and respond to shocks.
- Charity Water
- DFATD Canada
- French Water Agencies
- Midi-Pyrénées region
Key figures of the country
- Number of beneficiaries: 178 000
- Population: 30,5 million
- Life expectancy: 68,8 years old
- Human Index Development: 157/187
- GDP/inhabitants: 436 US$
Sources: UNDP, UN
Il n'y a pas de résultat
Since mid-2011, ACF has been active in Saptari District in eastern Nepal - one of the hardest-hit by undernutrition - through a CMAM program.
The ACF teams organized in coordination with the Ministry of Health and UNICEF as a support to existing structures in order to carry out a prevention, screening and treatment program for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) in children under five.
At every level, ACF helps the government improve technical capacities and management of health professionals so they can add the treatment of SAM to their current care repertoire.
The mission endeavors to strengthen all components of the health system thanks to development of sustainable services on the national level, specifically by:
- Delivering care in the 13 outpatient treatment programs (OTP)
- Training of all health professionals in the district
- Supporting health authorities in preparing strategic documents.
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