Type of intervention
- Nutrition and Health
- Mental Health & Care Practices
- Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
- Disaster and Climate Change Risk Management
- Food Security and Livelihoods
Places of interventions
- Rangoon (Capital Office)
- Chin State
- North Rakhine State
- Sittwe Region
- Kayah State
The humanitarian situation in Myanmar is highly varied. Since its gradual opening began, the country has become more and more of a geopolitical and economic point of interest, despite the fact that the internal struggle for peace and respect of the many ethnic groups' human rights is ongoing.
In the southeastern part of the country, a fragile peace, with sporadic armed clashes, allows discussions of the possible return of refugees from Thailand and the displaced population back into the country. Because of how remote many communities are, how limited access to drinking water and sanitation still is, and how fragile food security and livelihoods are, being vulnerable to natural disasters, the population is exposed to shocks, with significant impacts on their mechanisms for adapting.
In the State of Rakhine, a large number of people displaced by the 2012 conflict continue to live in camps around Sittwe. Two years after the clashes between the state's two main ethnic groups, the humanitarian situation for the rural host communities around the camps is worsening, and the impact on food security is increasingly visible. There is persistent acute malnutrition in the areas north of Rakhine State. The long human rights crisis, aggravated by the violence in 2012, still holds a great majority of the population in a situation of extreme vulnerability, with limited access to basic services such as health and education.
Myanmar - especially the coastal regions in the south and west - is highly vulnerable to natural disasters such as cyclones, tsunamis, sudden flooding and torrential downpours. The central zones of Myanmar, including the primary urban centers of Mandalay, Nay Pi Taw, and Yangon are at high risk of earthquake. Stakeholders are unprepared for these events compared to other countries in the region.
- Europe Aid
Key figures of the country
- Number of beneficiaries: 66 086
- Population: 48,3 million inhabitant
- Life expectancy: 65,2 years old
- Human Index Development: 149/187
- GDP/inhabitant: 380 US$
Sources: UNDP, UN
Il n'y a pas de résultat
In 2014, ACF's operating strategy in Myanmar pursued a threefold objective:
- Objective 1 was to treat the acute malnutrition of children under five and pregnant and breastfeeding women in the District of Maungdaw through complete intervention including prevention, detection and treatment, dealing with the immediate causes of acute malnutrition. In this project, ACF implemented actions to care for Severe Acute Malnutrition with an Outpatient Treatment Program and Stabilization Centers in which Mental Health and Care Practices were incorporated. Moderate acute malnutrition was also treated with Supplementary Nutrition Programs (SNPs).
- Objective 2 consisted of attempting to reduce the risk of malnutrition in Rakhine State (Maungdaw District and Sittwe Township) through multi-sector actions attacking the root causes of malnutrition and seeking to improve food security for the communities, their access to quality water and a decent health environment, and care practices for the individual, the household, and the community.
- Objective 3 was to meet chronic and post-conflict needs in Rakhine, Chin and Kayah States by working toward these and other goals:
- increasing and diversifying income for people with no access to land, by promoting income-generating activities;
- increasing and diversifying farm production by developing individual gardens and suitable irrigation networks;
- improving community access to appropriate water distribution facilities (reducing the risk of disease due to poor water quality);
- and reducing water-related illness in children under five through the distribution of suitable drinking water treatment systems in homes and promotional campaigns for hygiene in communities and schools.
In June 2014, ACF provided emergency response in Maungdaw District (Buthidaung Township) for some 49,000 people affected by a sudden flare-up of acute diarrhea. Hygiene kits were distributed and information sessions conducted on proper hygiene practices.
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