Type of intervention
- Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
Places of interventions
- Oulan Bator
- Uvs province (West of the country)
Mongolia is both surprisingly poor and wealthy. Underground is one of the most abundant mineral resources in the world (copper, gold, coal, etc.). The economy should maintain impressive growth in 2013-2014 with an average of 14.2% per year, and the mining sector will continue to stimulate economic expansion. Inflation will remain a major challenge to economic stability in the forecast period (11.5% average in 2013-2014), impacting the living conditions of the most vulnerable populations.
The latest elections (legislative and regional in 2012, presidential in June 2013) resulted in a change in power. In this young democracy, the challenge in upholding the new government's legitimacy will be knowing how to manage the wealth of natural resources while working to eradicate poverty.
If Mongolia practices good governance of its natural resources, it will have the means to wipe out poverty, provide quality education, establish health services, water and sanitation services, and social services for all its citizens. At present, one-third of Mongols lives below the poverty line, and the economic growth is not having enough of an impact on reducing poverty, food security or job creation.
The prevalence of low birth weights in children under five in Mongolia would be low (4.7%). In light of these numbers, we cannot say that child malnutrition in Mongolia requires mobilizing ACF, compared with some other countries in the world.
It is also clear that rural communities must find new ways of adapting to climate change and desertification, due mainly to overgrazing. Moreover, the dzuds (harsh winters) have dramatic consequences: they put food security at risk.
It is notable that, every year, a great number of rural families migrate to urban centers (Ulan-Bator, Aimag and provincial capitals). The rural exodus is due to the lack of access to social services (health, education, sanitation, social protection, etc.), and the poor health conditions and basic eating habits in educational facilities, which do not inspire ranchers to send their children to boarding school.
Seine-Normandie Water Agency, Artois-Picardie Water Agency, ACF, UNICEF, Gisors, Communauté d’agglomération CAP CALAISIS, Rubrouck, SDC, Senat
Key figures of the country
- Number of beneficiaries: 48 179
- Population: 2,8 million inhabitants
- Life expectancy: 68,5 years old
- Human Development Index: 109/187
- GDP/inhabitants: 1,577 US$
Sources: PNUD, ONU
Il n'y a pas de résultat
ACF's mission in Mongolia is currently present and active only in the Ger areas of Ulan-Bator, the capital.
The objective of the program in Mongolia is to combat the deep-rooted causes for the lack of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) services and access problems by strengthening institutions at every level and improving WASH infrastructures both in families and in schools. The program also helps to prevent and reduce common illnesses (Hepatitis A, diarrhea).
Until mid-2015, ACF is committed to implementing a single program composed of three complementary WASH projects in the Ger areas of Ulan-Bator. The aim of these projects is to improve access to drinking water and a quality sanitation system, and knowledge about good hygiene practices through the deployment of innovative, proven solutions, and the development of local capacities.
In addition, an agreement with Beijing University (USTB) was signed at end-2011 to integrate a research thesis within the mission's applied research structure. This five-year partnership will be an important contribution for ACF and for the entire humanitarian community, to the means for responding to peri-urban sanitation crises, and will create a regional sounding board on the results of the ACF project.
In Uvs Province, in the west of the country, ACF is supporting the local NGO Fondation Sentier d'Action which is involved in WASH projects in schools.
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