Type of intervention
- Nutrition, health, mental health and Care practices
- Food security and livelihoods
- Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
Places of interventions
- West Timor
Despite improvements in several macroeconomic indicators, Indonesia must still fight poverty, the informal economy, corruption and the lack of infrastructure, especially in rural areas, in a complex regulatory environment, with resources shared unevenly among the regions.
About 5.9% of the population (13 million people) lives on less than US$1 per day, and 50.6% of the population (119 million people) lives on less than US$2 per day. Thus half of the Indonesian population is very vulnerable to external shocks. In addition, the inequalities are deepening: while the poorest areas are getting an ever more limited share of national wealth, the richest areas (20% of the territory) are enjoying more resources each year. The largest concentrations of poor populations are in the urban areas of Java, Bali and Sumatra, but extreme poverty is found mainly in the rural areas of Eastern Indonesia.
The security situation should remain relatively stable, although some areas such as Aceh, Central Sulawesi, the Moluccas and Papua are likely to see an uptick in criminal behavior, disorder and violence, spurred by ethnic tensions, or religious or separatist movements. The impact of the economic crisis may exacerbate these tensions, especially during the presidential elections, which will test the national leaders' ability to contend with financial issues on a regional and national scale.
The prevalence of under-nutrition is a national concern, particularly in several rural provinces. The national average of children suffering from chronic malnutrition is 35.6%, and acute malnutrition is 13.3%, but behind these averages there are major disparities among the provinces. The public health system lacks infrastructure, qualified personnel and an effective system.
In addition to these structural weaknesses, Indonesia, located in the "Pacific Ring of Fire," is exposed to natural disasters like earthquakes, tidal waves, volcanic eruptions, landslides, flooding and drought, all of which have a significant impact on the population, the infrastructures and the economy.
AQUA, ACF, AERMC (Agence de l'eau Rhône Méditérranée Corse), CG Hérault, Seyne-sur-Mer, AEAG (Agence de l’Eau Adour-Garonne, SYDED du Lot, SICASIL
Key figures of the country
- Number of beneficiairies: 21 537
- Population: 242,3 million inhabitants
- Life expectancy: 69,4 years old
- Human Development Index: 121/187
- GDP/inhabitant: 2,349 US$
Sources : PNUD, ONU
Il n'y a pas de résultat
ACF focuses on Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) Province in the east, where malnutrition rates are the highest in Indonesia (GAM 15.5%, chronic malnutrition 56.5%). ACF's strategy is based on a multi-sectoral analysis of the causes of under-nutrition, and proposes an aligned approach of the different sectors to prevent under-nutrition and treat the most severe cases of malnutrition. In addition, the mission preserves its capacity to respond to primary needs in disasters.
At end-2012, a multi-sector nutrition, care practice, food security and livelihood (FSL) project was launched in Kupang District for a period of two years. The purpose of the "nutritional treatment" component of this project is to improve the capacities of communities and local Health actors (agents, doctors, midwives and nurses) to implement a nutritional surveillance system as well as the detection, referencing and treatment of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) cases in the health centers, applying the national malnutrition management protocol. The "under-nutrition prevention" component includes actions to improve farming technology that stress food production by consumers via the development of kitchen gardens.
In addition, ACF continued its Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) program in partnership with a local NGO. The activities will allow communities sustainable access to these services through the construction of water networks and improved governance by increasing local capacities. The program is also developing a total sanitation coverage component, piloted by the community, to provide communities with a healthy environment.
At the same time, ACF was able to participate in several emergency responses thanks to partnerships with actors operating locally. Due to the presence of its contingency stocks in Jakarta, ACF Indonesia was able to support the international NGO Catholic Relief Services by distributing 400 clearance kits after the earthquake that shook the island of Lombok (June 2013). Another partnership with a local NGO (PKPU) made it possible to take action when an earthquake hit Aceh Province (July 2013), with the distribution of 1500 non-food first aid kits, and then in October after a landslide in Java, with 500 more of these kits.
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