Type of intervention
- Water, sanitation and hygiene
Places of interventions
- Oulan Bator
- Uvs province (West of the country)
Mongolia is one of the poorest countries, despite its development, and it is largely depending on the international help, (15 to 20% of the global GDP). Instead of many countries in transition, Mongolia faces numerous problems of governance and corruption.
In Mongolia, the extreme and current poverty is considered as due to a bad governance. Since the 90’s, Mongolia has a democratic government and a market economy. During this transition, economy suffered from a serious setback by losing the Soviet Union support in terms of international help and foreign trade. Those economic difficulties have affected households are responsible of their dislocation, and have increased difficulties for women. They also increased the number of street children, misery, crimes, school expulsions, mortality and morbidity, rural exodus and growing urbanization. Since the mid 90’s, close to 35% of the population are living under poverty line. Despite those difficulties, Mongolia made significant progresses by improving the life level and quality, the education and public health.
Since 2000, the rural populations migrate massively to the capital and move in “ger” areas and in cities and villages around the Trans-Mongolia railroad (1). Those migrations have caused economic and social issues. Moreover, cities and villages don’t have the necessary infrastructures to welcome all those new urban citizens.
ACF intervenes in Oulan Bator and in Uvs province and focuses its interventions in 2012 in order to:
- Improve water and sanitation access
- Develop food security and livelihood long-term projects
- Reinforce disaster risk management and emergency response in Mongolia
(1) Railroad from Russia to China
Seine-Normandie Water Agency, Artois-Picardie Water Agency, ACF, Citroën, Gisors, Communauté d’agglomération CAP CALAISIS, Rubrouck, SDC, Senat
Key figures of the country
Number of beneficiaries: 44,500 persons
Population: 2,8 million inhabitants
Life expectancy: 68,5 years old
Human Development Index: 110/187
GDP/inhabitants: 1,577 US$
Sources: PNUD, ONU
Il n'y a pas de résultat
ACF has started helping Mongolia following three “Dzuud”(1) which decimated one third of the Mongolian livestock and hardly damaged rancher’s family’s livelihoods, causing the migrations of the poorest of them to urban centers and Oulan Bator. This conjectural situation has been aggravated by a structural issue linked to the hard transition from a planned economy to a market one in the 1990’s, leading to a society dislocation and an increase of the number of people living under the poverty line.
ACF has started its interventions in Mongolia in December 2001 in order to answer to the urgent need of the poorest population groups (homeless, street children, poorest) in the “ger” areas of Oulan Bator and Bayan Ulgii. In order to ensure a mid-term and long-term help, ACF has implemented a program to develop the culture of vegetable gardens in spring 2002 in Oulan Bator, and in 2004 I Bayan Ulgii by involving families, cooperative organizations and associations until 2008. Further, a nutritional program has been launched between November 2004 and December 2008 in collaboration with the Health Minister to detect acute under-nutrition, promote education and treat severe acute under-nutrition for children.
In 2008, a water source rehabilitation program was implanted in “ger” areas in Oulan Bator. Oulan Bator, the capital, is facing a real urban explosion and an important part of the population, the “gers” inhabitants, don’t have access to a good water supply. The thousands of steppes migrants are living in yurts and slums districts in unacceptable living conditions.
To fight against the idea that “there is no solution to the water and sanitation access issue in gers districts”, ACF has implemented a research program in 2009, which aims to: create a new water supply system and an economic and ecologic toilets model that could be largely installed in those districts. This program includes a hygiene aspect, especially in schools, in order to avoid the water diseases spread in a non-hygienic environment.
Another natural disaster “dzuud” hit Mongolia during winter 2009-2010. ACF immediately responded to the emergency in the “aimag” of UVS’s province by a food help (food stamp for livestock and for the most vulnerable populations) for the most affected ranchers. An evaluation was made on this operation in 2011 which concluded on the necessity of lon-term food security programs and disaster risk management programs.
ACF-Mongolia is trying to develop a national strategy in order to develop water, sanitation and hygiene research activities, and to encourage the promotion of water access and sustainable sanitation solutions.
ACF is going to start two food security needs evaluations, one in the same region as the water, sanitation and hygiene project in Oulan Bator, and the other one in the West of Mongolia, in order to determine if it would be possible and relevant to treat current and future causes of food insecurity for families. ACF is also taking into account disasters management and emergency response capacities in Mongolia.
(1) Extremely violent winds which devastate currently Mongolia
Téléphone : 06 87 52 72 19
Adresse postale : 20166 Ajaccio (2A)
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